THE MOTORIST AND THE LAW ::  






   
According to the Motor Vehicles Act, it is mandatory for Private Vehicle Owner-Driver to keep Licence Registration and Insurance Certificate and valid Certificate of "pollution under control" in the Vehicle and also exhibit the Tax Token in a place from where it can be seen easily from outside in day light to a person standing beside the Vehicle in front of, or level with the driver's seat. It is also mandatory that every private vehicle, whether 2-wheeler or 4-wheeler, will have to obtain Re-registration if the Vehicle is older than 15 years from the date of first registrations. The re-registration is to be done expiry of 5 years each time from the last date of re-registration to avoid penalty.

The Driver of a motor Vehicle may be prosecuted for ::

1. Rash or negligent driving (Sec.279, I.P.Code).

2. Driving under the influence of drink or drugs or while mentally or physically unfit to drive. (Sec.186 M.V. Act, 1988).

3. Disobeying traffic directions (Sec.179(2) M.V.Act,1988)

4. Driving in excess of speed limit (40 km per hour in Calcutta), or (Sec 183 M.V. Act 1988).

5. Driving recklessly or dangerously (Sec.184 M.V. Act, 1988).

The Driver and/or owner of a motor vehicle or both, may be prosecuted for ::

1. Driving without an effective driving licence or the driver being under 18 years of age (Sec. 4, M.V. Act, 1988).

2. Using or keeping for use a motor vehicle without having paid tax.

When a vehicle is involved in the occurrence of an accident, whether the driving or the management of the vehicle or was not the cause, the driver shall stop the vehicle and keep it stationary and he or any other person in charge of the vehicle, shall:

a) Take all possible steps to secure medical attention for the injured person and, if necessary, convey him to the nearest hospital unless the injured person or his guardian, in case he is minor desires otherwise, and

b) Give on demand by a police officer any information required by him or, if no police officer is present, report the circumstances of the
occurrence.(Sec.119(1) M.V. Act, 1988).

c) Intimation must be given to the insurer immediately upon the occurrence of any accident and no admission offer, promise, payment or indemnity shall be made or given by or on behalf of the insured(Conditions of policy).

Traffic signs, displayed under the law fall under the law ,fall under the following heads ::
 
All-India:

A
. Mandatory signs which must be obeyed by the driver.
B. Cautionary signs which warn the driver to be careful.
C. Informatory signs which assist the driver in better driving.
Local:

D. Mandatory signs which must be obeyed by the driver.
E. Cautionary signs which warn the driver to be careful.

Every driver shall drive a motor vehicle in conformity with the following regulations ::

1. The driver shall drive the vehicle as close to the left side of the road as may be expedient.
2. The driver may pass to the left only of a vehicle the driver of which, having indicated an intention to turn to the right, has drawn to the centre of the road, or of a tram car; in all other cases he shall pass to the right of all traffic proceeding in the same direction as the driver's vehicle, on its left.
3. The driver shall not pass a vehicle proceeding in the same direction if it is likely to cause inconvenience or danger to other traffic, or where a point or, corner, or a hill ,or an obstruction of any kind renders the road ahead not clearly visible.
4. The driver shall not increase speed or do anything to prevent another vehicle form overtaking him.
5. The driver shall slow down when approaching a road intersection, junction or corner and shall enter it only if it does not endanger the safety of persons thereon.
6. The driver, on entering a road intersection, if the road entered is a main road designated as such, shall give way to traffic proceeding along that road and, in any other case, give way to traffic approaching the intersection on his right.
7. The driver shall when turning to the left, drive as close as may be to the left side of the road and, when turning to the right, draw as near as may be to the centre of the road along which he is travelling and, as far as may be to the centre of the road along which he is travelling and , as far as may be practicable, enter the other road leaving on his right a point formed by the intersection of the centre lines of the intersecting roads so as to arrive as near as may be at the left hand side of the road which he is entering (Tenth Schedule, M.V. Act)
8. The driver shall not cross the centre line of a road which is broad enough for two lines of traffic except for overtaking and, that too, not till he has ascertained that he will not cause any inconvenience to oncoming traffic by so doing.
9. The driver shall park the vehicle only where parking is allowed and
(i) within one foot of the kerbed from the near side of the vehicle,
(ii) beyond 30 feet from any street junction or intersection, and
(iii) beyond 27 feet on either side of bus-stop sign (Rules 25(i),25(ii) and 33 of Rules for the Regulation of Traffic in Calcutta and Suburbs).

Traffic light have definite instructions attached to them ::

RED is prohibitory, GREEN is permissive, AMBER with alone is cautionary.
The sequence is:
AMBER:           Caution, stop if possible without danger to others, red follows: drivers unable to stop within the limits set or only able to stop at                       the risk of collision with following vehicles may pass
RED:               Stop, without exception, behind the stop line on the roadway.
RED--AMBER:    Prepare to go but do not move.
GREEN:           Go, if the road is clear; be careful about slow vehicles which might still be on the crossing and moving across stream of traffic.

White lines along the centre of the road demand that the driver ::

1. Where a single continuous line, or two adjacent such lines, are drawn: keeps his entire vehicle on the near side of the lines at all times.
2. Where a single broken line is drawn: exercises all due caution if he crosses to the offside of the line and that, too, only when no inconvenience or danger to oncoming traffic maybe caused.
3. Where one broken line and one continuous line are drawn alongside each other: keeps his entire vehicle on the near side of the line at all times if the continuous line is nearest to the offside of his car; or exercises all due caution, as stated above, if the broken line is nearest to his offside, when he crosses either or both lines.
4. The continuous white lines may only be crossed otherwise when the vehicle is turning right either on entering the road with the white line or on leaving it.
It should be noted that the foregoing are only a few salient-features and not an exhaustive text of the law.

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