to the Motor Vehicles Act, it is mandatory for Private Vehicle
Owner-Driver to keep Licence Registration and Insurance Certificate
and valid Certificate of "pollution under control"
in the Vehicle and also exhibit the Tax Token in a place from where
it can be seen easily from outside in day light to a person standing
beside the Vehicle in front of, or level with the driver's seat. It
is also mandatory that every private vehicle, whether 2-wheeler or 4-wheeler,
will have to obtain Re-registration if the Vehicle is older than 15
years from the date of first registrations. The re-registration
is to be done expiry of 5 years each time from the last date
of re-registration to avoid penalty.
Driver of a motor Vehicle may be prosecuted for ::
Rash or negligent driving (Sec.279, I.P.Code).
Driving under the influence of drink or drugs or while mentally or physically
unfit to drive. (Sec.186 M.V. Act, 1988).
Disobeying traffic directions (Sec.179(2) M.V.Act,1988)
Driving in excess of speed limit (40 km per hour in Calcutta), or (Sec
183 M.V. Act 1988).
Driving recklessly or dangerously (Sec.184 M.V. Act, 1988).
Driver and/or owner of a motor vehicle or both, may be prosecuted for
Driving without an effective driving licence or the driver being under
18 years of age (Sec. 4, M.V. Act, 1988).
Using or keeping for use a motor vehicle without having paid tax.
When a vehicle is involved in the occurrence of an accident, whether
the driving or the management of the vehicle or was not the cause, the
driver shall stop the vehicle and keep it stationary and he or any other
person in charge of the vehicle, shall:
Take all possible steps to secure medical attention for the injured
person and, if necessary, convey him to the nearest hospital unless
the injured person or his guardian, in case he is minor desires otherwise,
Give on demand by a police officer any information required by him or,
if no police officer is present, report the circumstances of the
occurrence.(Sec.119(1) M.V. Act, 1988).
Intimation must be given to the insurer immediately upon the occurrence
of any accident and no admission offer, promise, payment or indemnity
shall be made or given by or on behalf of the insured(Conditions of
signs, displayed under the law fall under the law ,fall under
the following heads
Mandatory signs which must be obeyed by the driver.
B. Cautionary signs which warn the driver to be
C. Informatory signs which assist the driver in
D. Mandatory signs which must be obeyed by the driver.
E. Cautionary signs which warn the driver to be
driver shall drive a motor vehicle in conformity with the following
The driver shall drive the vehicle as close to the left side of the
road as may be expedient.
2. The driver may pass to the left only of a vehicle the driver
of which, having indicated an intention to turn to the right, has drawn
to the centre of the road, or of a tram car; in all other cases he shall
pass to the right of all traffic proceeding in the same direction as
the driver's vehicle, on its left.
3. The driver shall not pass a vehicle proceeding in the same
direction if it is likely to cause inconvenience or danger to other
traffic, or where a point or, corner, or a hill ,or an obstruction of
any kind renders the road ahead not clearly visible.
4. The driver shall not increase speed or do anything to prevent
another vehicle form overtaking him.
5. The driver shall slow down when approaching a road intersection,
junction or corner and shall enter it only if it does not endanger the
safety of persons thereon.
6. The driver, on entering a road intersection, if the road entered
is a main road designated as such, shall give way to traffic proceeding
along that road and, in any other case, give way to traffic approaching
the intersection on his right.
7. The driver shall when turning to the left, drive as close
as may be to the left side of the road and, when turning to the right,
draw as near as may be to the centre of the road along which he is travelling
and, as far as may be to the centre of the road along which he is travelling
and , as far as may be practicable, enter the other road leaving on
his right a point formed by the intersection of the centre lines of
the intersecting roads so as to arrive as near as may be at the left
hand side of the road which he is entering (Tenth Schedule, M.V.
8. The driver shall not cross the centre line of a road which
is broad enough for two lines of traffic except for overtaking and,
that too, not till he has ascertained that he will not cause any inconvenience
to oncoming traffic by so doing.
9. The driver shall park the vehicle only where parking is allowed
(i) within one foot of the kerbed
from the near side of the vehicle,
(ii) beyond 30 feet from any street
junction or intersection, and
(iii) beyond 27 feet on either side
of bus-stop sign (Rules 25(i),25(ii) and 33 of Rules for the Regulation
of Traffic in Calcutta and Suburbs).
light have definite instructions attached to them
is prohibitory, GREEN is permissive,
AMBER with alone is cautionary.
The sequence is:
stop if possible without danger to others, red follows: drivers unable
to stop within the limits set or only able to stop at the
risk of collision with following vehicles may pass
without exception, behind the stop line on the roadway.
Prepare to go but do not move.
if the road is clear; be careful about slow vehicles which might still
be on the crossing and moving across stream of traffic.
lines along the centre of the road demand that the driver ::
Where a single continuous line, or two adjacent such lines, are drawn:
keeps his entire vehicle on the near side of the lines at all times.
2. Where a single broken line is drawn: exercises all due caution
if he crosses to the offside of the line and that, too, only when no
inconvenience or danger to oncoming traffic maybe caused.
3. Where one broken line and one continuous line are drawn alongside
each other: keeps his entire vehicle on the near side of the line at
all times if the continuous line is nearest to the offside of his car;
or exercises all due caution, as stated above, if the broken line is
nearest to his offside, when he crosses either or both lines.
4. The continuous white lines may only be crossed otherwise when
the vehicle is turning right either on entering the road with the white
line or on leaving it.
It should be noted that the foregoing are
only a few salient-features and not an exhaustive text of the law.